Are you clueless about how to protect skin from the sun? Except you live in a cave, this post is definitely for your consumption.
The three layers of the skin are namely; epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis. The basal layer of the epidermis contains melanin. Melanin is the skin pigment that protects, cover and defends the skin surface from the ultraviolet rays. If it is not well protected, it can lead to burns on the skin which causes premature aging. Premature aging is due to less elasticity of the skin.
The sun is essential in providing you with vitamin D. vitamin D in turn, supports the maintenance of healthy bone. It is clear how interwoven the sun and the skin are, little wonder why they both start with the S sound. However, Dr. Carey Bligard recommends only 15 minutes of sun exposure per day for the provision of vitamin D, and this should not be done in the peak hours of the day, in other to avoid Melanoma otherwise known as malignant melanoma, which is a less frequent but most serious type of skin cancer. Melanoma is a skin condition that occurs when the pigment generating cells that provides color to the skin become cancerous.
It is important that you avoid overexposure of the skin, and also take your skincare routine more judiciously to reduce the level of damage the UV rays could cause.
Sun Exposure to Skin
Wonder how exposure of the sun changes the skin, especially during the peak hours of the day when you do not properly protect skin from the sun? The vulnerability of the skin to the sun can cause ;
- Fine and coarse wrinkles
- Freckles; a cluster of pigment cells in the skin
- mottled skin; is skin with red, patchy, spot-like and irregular colors, basically a discolored skin
- Sallow skin; this is when the skin has lost its original complexion, it is commonly a yellow or brown discoloration of the skin, especially on your facial region. It can be difficult to undo once it appears.
- Telangiectasias; also known as spider veins is the dilation of small blood vessels on the skin of the mucous membrane, anywhere in the body.
- Solar elastosis; also popularly known as photoaging. Without the supportive connective tissue, the skin loses its flexibility and strength causing damage to the elastic and collagen tissue (causing lines, yellow wrinkles and sagging skin).
8 Tips To Protect Skin From The Sun
Here are the 8 simple tips on how to protect skin from the sun to avoid permanent skin damage.
1. Locate a shade
The golden method for skin protection against UV rays is to seek shade. What is a shade? A shade is a covering that hinders direct sunlight on surfaces, which brings about it’s cool and dark nature. Shade limits your exposure to the sun.
It’s also very important to know that not all shade shields your skin proportionately. Harmful UVB rays are responsible for sunburn, and it can get to the skin indirectly from scattered clouds or UV-reflective surfaces like concrete, dry sand and sometimes water. When you’re sitting under a tree or umbrella, be aware, as you may still be receiving some indirect UV light.
2. Wear sun-protective clothing
Knowing that you can’t be indoors or under the shade all your lives, it is just right you cover up your skin as much as you can before stepping out. Don’t be scared that you would look like a clown. Covering up can be done with style and elegance. For example, you can look stylish by wearing a long sleeve shirt, long skirts or pants preferably with dark colors, and bright-colored shoes to pop up your look.
3. Apply sunscreen with SPF 15
The use of sunscreen cannot be overemphasized. If finding shade as a first option is not available, and the next being the use of protective clothing is not an option for you also. Think of it this way, you have great, acne-free, radiant skin, you might just want to flaunt it, and also feel the breeze against your skin, then, the use of sunscreen should be ultimate for you.
You are to put on a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF30 on all parts of your skin which would be exposed before going outside. This routine should be practiced even on a relatively cool or cloudy day.
4. Apply your sunscreen every two hours
After aiming for an SPF of at least 30 with both UVA and UVB protection. Next is to remember that sunscreen wears off. Putting that into consideration, it simply means you need to reapply your sunscreen every two hours. If you are going to stay out under the sun for a long time, especially during the peak hours of the day, then reapplying your sunscreen is vital.
5. Avoid peak sun hour
The peak sun hour is known as the solar noon, where the intensity of the sun is 1,000watts or more per meter square and is usually from 12 pm–2 pm. According to SolarReviews, the sun rays are at their peaks during this time of the day. It would be good for you to limit staying out, most especially when you are unprepared from 10 am-4 pm.
6. Put on a hat
Wear a hat that has a wide brim to protect the back of your neck, face, ears, and head, that is in a bid to provide shade for your upper body. A brim not less than four inches around will do just fine.
Please try to avoid straw hats with holes, that would only encourage sunlight to penetrate through it. For better results, you should preferably pick a darker shade of hat, as it may offer more UV protection for your skin.
7. Wear sunglasses
Wearing sunglasses with lenses that have at least 99% UV absorption rate would provide optimal protection for the eyes. You should aim to get ideal polarized lenses with UV filters and, the frame should be considered large enough to shield your under eyes. It is common knowledge to avoid reflective objects when putting on your sunglasses because they tend to bounce back the Ultra Violent light onto your cheeks, thereby still causing damages to the skin. No matter how cool and fashionable some sunglasses look, it is a NO-NO, if its lenses have less than 99% UV absorption rate.
8. Have loads of fun
Life should be fun, so, have fun while your outside but while you are at it be safe and well protected.
You can take charge of your skin with these tips on how to protect skin from the sun. Remember, earlier detection saves lives. Perform skin-self exams routinely (once a month) to be aware of any changes or abnormal growth. If you sense you have a mole that is changing in size, shape or color, get it checked out right away by your dermatologist. Preferably, book an appointment annually for a checkup.
What are your thoughts on our tips on how to protect skin from the sun? Please share it with us in the comments section below.