The skin is one of the largest organs of the human body as it covers the body entirely. It generally takes about 28 days from start to finish, during which new skin cells develop, mature, and shed. This process is called desquamation. It is interesting to know that the human skin has a total area of about 20 square feet.
The skin protects us from viruses, bugs, bacteria, germs, parasites, pathogens, and infections. Without proper skin-care, your skin would be acne-prone which is why it is vital to have an acne free skin care routine that works for acne-free skin. Hence the need to have an in-depth understanding of the skin and its functions.
Layers of the Skin
The skin has three primary layers:
1. The Epidermis
The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin. It is the visible part which provides waterproof protective construction and creates our skin tone. The skin color is generated by special cells called melanocytes, which produces the pigment melanin. Melanocytes are located in this topmost layer of the skin. It carriers no blood vessels and is only nurtured via diffusion from the dermis.
2. The Dermis
The Dermis is located beneath the epidermis and contains apocrine glands, lymphatic vessels, sebaceous glands, blood vessels, hair follicles, and sweat glands. This layer shields the body from stress and strain.
3. The Hypodermis
The hypodermis is the deeper subcutaneous tissue that is made up of fat and connective tissue.
There are various skin types, however, for this article, we’ll consider the four skin types listed below.
1. Normal skin
Normal skin simply refers to a well-balanced skin type.
2. Dry skin
Dry skin is a skin type that produces lesser than normal amounts of sebum (oil) compared to normal skin. Due to the shortage of sebum, the lipids that are required to retain moisture and build a defense against external influences are inadequate.
3. Oily skin
Oily skin is used to refer to a skin type with an excessive amount of sebum production. Its overproduction is called seborrhea.
4. Combination skin.
As the name suggests, combination skin consists of a mix of oily and dry skin types.
Functions of the Skin
Some of the functions of the skin include:
1. Protection of the melanin from the sun
2. Excretion of some waste materials from the body
3. Regulation of the body temperature
4. Sensation i.e. transmitting information to the brain about its surroundings
5. Endocrine function
The 5 Essential Skin Care Routine for Acne Free Skin
Following a brief explanation of the various skin types and some of the functions of the skin above, you should, first of all, identify if you have an oily, dry, normal or combination skin type.
According to Dr. William Kwan, who is a dermatologist and founder of Kwan Dermatology, based in San Francisco, California, United States, identifying your skin type is the first step to achieving an acne free skin. This would help you to identify various skin issues such as acne, psoriasis, or even irregular pigmentation, as well as products that are best suitable for combating those conditions. It is imperative to identify what works best for your skin type and adhere to it to avoid often breakouts.
This skin care routine for acne free skin should be able to help you spend less time and money on skin-care products that may otherwise be damaging to your skin.
1. Invest in fruits and veggies
Eat mainly raw fruits and vegetables and very little of other foods like meat and grains which have very high amounts of calories. Fruits contain a lot of vitamins. You may have dairy products occasionally or better still, you can just give up on it entirely.
Learn More: Acne Free Diet for Clear Skin
2. Adequate sleep
A good sleeping habit should be part of your daily routine for flawless acne-free skin. Sleeping for at least 8 hours every day has almost an immediate positive effect not only on your skin but also on your mental health.
3. Drink enough water
By enough, I mean 8-10 glasses of water every day. You should drink more water rather than coffee, juices, and sodas and see the difference not only on your skin but your overall health in just 4 weeks. Water makes your eyes feel brighter, makes you have fewer wrinkles, controls your appetite, and most importantly, gives you daily satisfying poos.
Learn More: 5 Amazing Benefits of Water for Clear Skin
4. Exfoliate your skin with organic products
The shortest route to beautiful acne free skin is to make your skin healthy by exfoliating regularly. One of the best organic exfoliation tools among others on the planet which I have tried and worked brilliantly for me is a mixture of castor oil, coconut oil, honey, and coffee grounds (properly mix all combinations). However, you should find what works for you as long as it is organic, and put into consideration your allergies if you have any.
Exfoliating your face and body will take off all the dead skin, giving you an even skin tone. It clears all the skin pores and increases circulation in the tiny capillaries just below the skin. It also gets rid of toxins and allows the capillaries to pick up more oxygen, thus making the skin breathe more.
If you want to find out how unbelievably acne-free, soft, smooth and radiant your skin can be, you should try this.
5. Never use bar soap on your face
Using bar soap is a no-no. Wondering why you should not use bar soap on your face?
The binders that hold a bar of soap together are in an alkaline state which has a high pH balance. This removes all the water and natural oils from the skin, thereby, causing the skin’s surface to rapidly dehydrate. Remember, your skin cells need moisture to be hale and hearty. Without water, acne, skin sensitivity, and dry skin become provoked and worsens. Even if some bar soap says it’s moisturizing, it may still strip the skin of essential natural oils, especially when you have a dry kind of skin.
There is one thing in common with all various skin types when following a skin care routine, which is skin. I strongly believe that everyone can take control to achieve an acne free skin – be it oily, dry, normal or combination skin, by following these two simple rules:
- Being consistent is everything. Simply create a basic, low budget, easy-to-follow skin care routine and adhere to it.
- Drink at least 8-ounce glasses of water daily as part of your skin care routine.